[Notes] Fabio Ciravenga at #SSSW2013

Make a model of what is happening.

WeSenseIt \\\\- citizen water observations.

River belongs to citizens, not authorities.
Physical sensors (hard layer) are expensive and brittle.
So use people instead (soft layer, social).

Give people small sensors. Phones.
Then you just need software for information management.

Can't rely on phones.
Old people in Doncaster.

Give them easy sensors instead.

Costs about EUR 80.

Open Source & hackable.

Not expected to substitute professional sensors, but a way to crowdsource information you would never get.

In Delft

Give people flood preparation advice and record who ticks things off, to build a picture of who/how/when preparations take place.

The Floow Ltd

"Commercialises data solution for telematic insurance."

World divided 10x10m squares, sense things everywhere.
Traffic risks.

Sensors tell you people are going somewhere, not why.
That's what social media can tell you.

Monitoring development of a house fire via Twitter.
Seeing events through the eyes of the community.

Social streams:

Large music festival. Monitor geolocated messages, trends, topics and relations.

Most 'critical' events were management issues.
Developing system to warn you automatically about things to pay attention to.

Look/listen for event within 72 hours. 10 minutes to find out what it was.
\\\\- Simulation of station bombing.
Minute by minute description of event.
1.5 billion messages.

Four things when monitoring:

Big problem - people tweet crap!
People don't realise when people nearby are in danger.

Deception on social media

False crowdsourcing political support on social networks.
Smear campaigns using bots.
Bots to foster / prevent social unrest.

Identifying bots

23 behavioural features.
Feature set is open.
Recognise 90% of bots - more than humans can do.

Very small amount of tweets are geolocated, it's useless.
Have to use the text.

Timestamp is not necessarily correct.

Issues in events

No infrastructure (eg. at music festivals).
Phone signal issues, phone charging issues.

Most tweets from outside event.

Conclusions

Need to convince citizens that authorities are not spying on them.
Need to convince authorities that citizens are not all criminals.

Privacy and legality issues.

Creating a company on this research would be unethical.
Need to pass the right message. Full disclosure. Non-intrusive use of tweet content.

What happens when authorities demand this technology for privacy-invading stuff.

Have to be careful with what you publish.
Always assume the bad guys have thought of what you thought of.
Always be in a situation where you can destroy your data at short notice.
Bit legal barrage behind them. Know what they are/aren't allowed, know what they do/don't have to do.
Start leading a blameless life.

🏷 http://vocab.amy.so/blog#Done http://vocab.amy.so/blog#Done fabio ciravenga notes phd semantic web semantics sensor networks sensors social machine sssw13 sssw2013

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